Darwinism Vs Intelligent Design Theory Essay

Facts are Stubborn Thing
by Douglas O. Linder

It is hardly surprising that Darwin’s theory of evolution should meet with so much resistance. We encounter an idea that comforts us, an account like Genesis 1 that establishes our specialness, and ask: “Can I believe it?” We consider a thing that troubles us, a process like evolution that seems chance-driven and dethrones us from our special place in the universe, and ask instead: “Must I believe it?”

Evolution suggests that our species, if not quite an accident, is an extreme improbability — and, most likely, one whose time is limited — on life’s continuing and circuitous journey to an undetermined destination. Must we believe it? Darwin knew that many people, raised to believe in miracles or magic, would find his theory hard to swallow. In his autobiography, he noted that, as a young man on the H.M.S. Beagle, he had written in his journal of “the higher feelings of wonder, admiration, and devotion” that would “fill and elevate” his mind. He lamented that now, older and wiser, believing in evolution and disbelieving in God, even “the grandest scenes” evoked no powerful feelings: “I am like a man that has become color-blind.” Publishing his theory, he said, felt “like confessing a murder.”

When William Jennings Bryan took on evolution in a courtroom in Tennessee in 1925, in the famous Scopes “Monkey” trial, he acknowledged that he did not fully understand the theory of evolution, but said that he fully understood the theory’s dangers and misuse: how it threatened to leave students feeling lost in an uncaring universe, how it could lead to sterilization of the abnormal and diminished concern for the survival of the “unfit.” Bryan cheerfully ignored the evidence for evolution, explaining, “I would rather begin with God and reason down than begin with a piece of dirt and reason up.”

I believe in the theory evolution not because I want to, but because I feel I must, and because, unlike Bryan, I find it hard to reason in one direction or another. Creationists have offered one objection after another — “The immune system is too complex to have evolved,” “Evolution could never produce an eye, because what use is half an eye?” — and each has been answered. As the confirming fossil and DNA evidence piles up, as the theory of evolution reveals itself to be a powerful tool for both explaining the imperfections of species and accounting for transitional species, it becomes ever more difficult to believe in the pleasing creation stories told in Genesis and elsewhere. Facts, as John Adams reminded us, are stubborn things. Whether 20 years or 200 years from now, the accumulating evidence will become so overwhelming that evolution will be as accepted as the Sun-centered solar system is today. (No gloating allowed, scientists.)

Our challenge is to accept evolution while maintaining a sense of wonder, concern for those whose survival is beyond their own means, and a vision of a colorful and surprise-filled world.

(This essay appeared in the New York Times, 8/15/2013)

Intelligent Design Vs. Natural Selection Essay

Since the day that Charles Darwin imposed his theory of Evolution and therefore his idea of natural selections there has been a debate between the theory of evolution and the theory of creationism. The main part of the debate lays in the question: Where did we can from? What made or created the earth and all living thing around us? Was it an Intelligent Design by a God? Or simply was it evolution? I say the debate needed to end because it is harming science more than benefiting it. There must be a way that both sides can strongly agree on, and find a common grounds or even a better solution is to allow Intelligent Design to co-exist with the idea of natural selection. First we must under stand what both intelligent design and Natural selection are.

Intelligent design (ID) or the modern day theory of creationism is an anti-evolution belief that asserts that natural explanations of some biological entities are not possible and such entities can only be explained by intelligent causes. Intelligent design maintains that the belief is scientific and provides for the existence of God or super intelligent aliens. The argument from design used to prevail as an explanation of the natural world until of the Origin of Species was published in 1859. [6] It says that the universe and all living things are best explained by an intelligent cause rather than an undirected process such as natural selection. That means that everything round us is the cause of being created by a higher power; a God. It claims that intelligent design should be taught in the science classroom as an alternative to the science of evolution because "it is a science that avoidably impacts religion". [1] The arguments of the ID believers may seem like a repeat of the creationist arguments, but the defenders of ID claim that they do not reject evolution simply because it does not fit with their understanding. However, they present natural selection by saying that the universe could not have been designed or created, which is nonsense. To deny that God has the power to create living things using natural selection is to assert something unknowable. The natural world contains abundant evidence of a supernatural creator and it is impossible to say that all living organisms were derived from a single unicell bacterium, which over the years evolved to different species.

In order to further understand the dilemma between intelligent design and natural selection we need to further explore the idea of natural selection. Natural selection is the process by which occurs over successive generations. It is a selected trait in a species that is changed because it is significant to the species existence and it is the cause of evolution, a phenomena first discovered by Charles Darwin. In other words or as described in the Wikipedia Encyclopedia it is the "basic...

Loading: Checking Spelling

0%

Read more

Intelligent Design Essay

1316 words - 5 pages Intelligent design also referred to as ID is a concept that has its early origins from 4th century BC in the works Timaeus by Plato were he describes a supreme wisdom and intelligence as the creator of the cosmos. In the Metaphysics Aristotle furthers developed the idea of a natural creator of the cosmos. One of the most famous ideas for intelligent design today comes the 13th century where Thomas Aguinas described the concept of design as the...

Evolution Through the Influence of God

2052 words - 8 pages Controversy of the origin of life has increased. People feel evidence is necessary to determine a faith and many fear going against the word of God or nature of science. These people have established their own “religion” or belief called the intelligent design theory. Through a combination of scientific evidence and Biblical moralities, the intelligent design theory was established to accommodate believers in the divine Christ and the theory of...

Evolution Vs. Creationism

1374 words - 5 pages Evolution vs. Creationism Abstract In the history of science vs. religion there have been no issues more intensely debated than evolution vs. creationism. The issue is passionately debated since the majority of evidence is in favor of evolution, but the creation point of view can never be proved wrong because of religious belief. Human creation breaks down into three simple beliefs; creation theory, naturalistic evolution theory, and...

The Case of Evolutionism vs. Creationism

1094 words - 4 pages IntroductionSince the early 20th Century, creationists and theorists of evolution have been engaged in a stalemate of a battle over the legal status of the teachings of creation and evolution in the public school science classroom. The creation-evolution is an ongoing dispute in the court systems about the origins of the Earth, humanity, life, and the universe. View points from both sides have clashed heads profusely, creating a...

Can Intelligent Design be Empirically Proven

3218 words - 13 pages There are diverse embodiments of counterfeit science, cheap science, and deviant science. Over time, mankind has seen the rise and fall of various scientific fields of study. However, none ever seem to vanish completely. Humanity’s views of the flat earth, astrology, crop circles, ancient astronauts, and perpetual motion continue to gain advocates even today. These are compelling paradigms of how human beings possess the ability to hold on to...

Time to Hit the Holy Books: Evolution and Intelligent Design in the Classroom

1386 words - 6 pages It would be an understatement to claim that the realms of faith and reason rarely conflict. Since the earliest days of scientific inquiry, these two spheres of thought have been locked in a vicious battle, only letting up as religion has gradually modernized to accommodate newer understandings of the universe. But, as is the nature of any age-old debate, the fires fueling this conflict have once again been fed, this time with the controversy...

Evolution: It Should Be Taught In Schools

1470 words - 6 pages In the uncertainty that the modern world is, there is one law that stays petrified in stone no matter what happens: “Things change with age.” No matter if it is in history, science, or even Pokémon, things change as time passes by and this process is called evolution. The theory formulated by Charles Darwin is the belief that all organisms have come from earliest creatures because of external factors (“NSTA…”). School boards everywhere have...

Three World Views of Human Existence

1049 words - 4 pages According to Edward Wilson, the desire of mankind to explain their origins has led to three dominant worldviews that attempt to explain human existence and present condition. These three worldviews are God-centered religion, political behaviorism, and scientific humanism. However, these views fail to recognize another increasingly popular worldview known as Intelligent Design. Because the theory of Intelligent Design hinges on the premise that...

Richard Dawkins’ Assessment on William Paley’s “design” Argument

1080 words - 4 pages William Paley, who wrote The Watch and the Watchmaker, believed that anything organized for a function needed a special explanation. He concluded that these things must have been designed by some sort of designer and hence, the “design” argument was established. Paley used the example of a watchmaker as an analogy exemplifying a designer. “We think it is inevitable that the watch must have had a maker.” (Paley : 57) This specific example is an...

Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District

1630 words - 7 pages In cases having to do with constitutionality, the issue of the separation of church and state arises with marked frequency. This battle, which has raged since the nation?s founding, touches the very heart of the United States public, and pits two of the country's most important influences of public opinion against one another. Although some material containing religious content has found its way into many of the nation's public schools, its...

Teleological Argument for the Existence of God

2740 words - 11 pages This paper will examine the argument put forward by William Paley in 1802, in his Natural Theology. Paley offers an argument from design that purports to show a clear and distinct reason why one should hold a belief in God, due to the inherent features of the world. It is attempted in this paper to firstly: show that the argument should be rejected on the grounds of lacking a rationally flowing set of premises and conclusions; and secondly:...

0 thoughts on “Darwinism Vs Intelligent Design Theory Essay”

    -->

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *