Human Cloning Conclusion Essays

The Economic Impact of Human Cloning is Positive


Cloning has long been a controversial topic among, not only in the medical and scientific community, but also in the general population. It has often been perceived that cloning first made its debut through the efforts of scientists that dabbled in the cloning of nonhuman animals, specifically with that of a sheep named Dolly. To the general population’s attention, yes, it could be argued that this was and is the case, but to the knowledge of the individuals whom have resorted their lives to the allocation of truth; this could not be farther from it.

Cloning has been in discussion since World War II with the research conducted by Nazi scientists. If you dig a little deeper, you will find that, the United States of America was complicit with the aid of other powerful elite empires in the successful transfer of Nazi scientists into the Americas through Operation Project Paperclip. In fact, it could be said, as it already has, that, America’s innovation and progression in the fields of mathematics, science, and many others have been the result of Nazi intelligentsia. The foundation of NASA was brought about through the Nazis whom helped with the building of the space exploration system. Declassified documentation has also come to reveal the C.I.A.’s involvement with Project MKULTRA and MONARCH, to name a few, which have been the results of Nazi concentration camp performed experimentation and mind control. The technological advancements that is relayed to the lay population, as the general population is referred to in the medical and scientific field, are constantly ‘in the dark’ about the origins of their treasured and beloved nation’s achievements.

Look no further than the development of the microwave, which is a Nazi invention in itself! Reverting to human cloning, of which the Nazis helped successfully innovate, the argument of a positive economic impact most famously made by the French professor Gilles Saint-Paul in an academically published paper released in October 2002 discusses among other things, that, the cost benefit analysis would in the long term be beneficial in elevating society to a more egalitarian model. Building upon the model of IVF treatments and surrogate mothers, the need for human genes to be replicated in a fashion inspired by those individuals with desirable human characteristics and traits would lead to a superior human species. Humanity would be able to reach its full potential of having and maintaining a highly productive society. Egg donors, for example, are currently requested to donate healthy egg of specified characteristic genetic traits associated with the host, or mother. Depending on the overall genetic health, of not only the mother, but of that mother’s genetic lineage, the total amount or sum of monetary funds is increased in the range of thousands of dollars. After all, as the old saying goes, “Health is Wealth.” Proponents for cloning believe that the elimination of health related conditions will occur if human cloning is eventually implemented. Thus, this would eliminate the billions of dollars spent alone in the United States of America each year on health care.

Many times over, cloning has long been a controversial topic among, not only in the medical and scientific community, but also in the general population. Despite the fact that cloning has been in the works, at least, undercover since World War II, it has picked up speed ever since. The interest in the human cloning business has spurred about much debate for, against, and mutually inclusive about the direction in which such an adoption of an activity would lead the human species. In similar respects, nonhuman animals have been the testing ground for such experimentation conducted by humans, as they usually are, bringing about the question in the future of  the agricultural business of cloned meat for human consumption. We must never forget to remember, that, the future of what is ‘fit’ for humans should not solely lie in the hands of those formulating such ideas and experimentation, but in all of humanity.

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The prospect of human cloning

Abstract

The paper explores a utilitarian perspective of human cloning and serious concerns about potential benefits and harms of human cloning. The science behind the cloning experiments is still not understood completely. Whether there would be any significant advantages in human cloning is not yet clear.

Introduction

The last couple of years has seen some amazing results related to human cloning. Many social, moral, and ethical arguments have surfaced regarding human cloning; that is looked upon as a form of reproduction. It would become easy to replace a loved one who died as a newborn. The prime difference between other reproductive technologies and cloning is that, cloning does not require the biological parent be fertile, and one can choose the genes one's child shall have.

Dolly

The first successfully cloned mammal, Dolly, the sheep, was a shocking symbol of science and biotechnology crossing the boundaries and getting out of control. Gradual improvement in cloning technology has enabled the researchers migrated to other animals like goat, pig, deer, mouse, cattle, etc. Till now, there have been no substantiated evidence for human cloning, although, South Korean researchers can generate stem cells from cloned human embryos. In spite of recent technological advancements made, animal cloning remains extremely inefficient. However, researchers feel that one day all the technical hurdles will get resolved.

Possible Benefits

There is important research going on in areas such as embryonic stem cells, organs and tissues. Human cloning would permit the study of genetic diseases generally. Any discouragement at this stage would impact the important research going non in areas like embryonic stem cells negatively. The research on stem cells and specific tissues types could regenerate nerve, muscle and cells that would alleviate serious diseases like heart disease, Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, and many other chronic illnesses. The potential benefits of therapeutic cell cloning. cannot be undermined. Human cloning would also enable some infertile people to have children.

Playing God

Every cloning experiment has never failed to evoke a negative reaction and opponents of reproductive cloning warn that human cloning. would mean “playing God”, it will also threaten the individuality of the cloned person and erode family relations. It will only lead to creating chaos in the natural ordering of generations. Therapeutic cloning involves intentional destruction of human embryos and the intentional destruction of human embryos for research purposes is already debated on. Moreover, human cloning is looked upon as unnatural and needless tampering with the human embryo.

It would be realistic to shoulder the aspect that any future experiments related to human cloning will face high failure rates. Any of those cloning abnormalities will involve failures in genomic reprogramming. The current routine prenatal diagnosis for any genetic abnormalities are still not capable of detecting the different epigenetic disturbances that may occur with cloning.

Since early 1997, national and international regulatory bodies have been looking at the controversial subject and the complex issues relating to it. No Federal funds in US are allocated for human cloning and any attempts to clone humans remain banned. Many State legislatures are far more anxious to outlaw human cloning.

As the national leaders, researchers, academicians continue to wrestle over the future of using this emerging technology, human cloning continues to dominate the political scene.

 

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