Introduction to Personality Essay
940 Words4 Pages
Introduction to Personality
Personality has been part of debate amongst theorists for decades. Many theories have been developed about what human personality is and how it develops. Even after so many years of research and studies, no one definition has been agreed by all theorists. This paper will briefly talk about different aspects of personality and what influence in the development of personality. A person's personality is made up with his or her interests, attitude, behavioral patterns, social role, emotional responses and other traits that continue throughout a long period of time. Psychologists from different parts of the world defined personality in variety of ways. However, personality theorists have not agreed on a…show more content…
Traits may be unique, common to some group, or shared by the entire species, but their pattern is different for every individual. Thus each person, though like others in some ways, has a unique personality. Characteristics are unique qualities of an individual that include such attributes as temperament, physique, and intelligence (Feist, J., & Feist, G., 2009).
Many theoretical approaches have been taken by theorists in the study of personality. Among the many contributors who developed theories about personality was the German psychologist Sigmund Freud. He was the founder of psychoanalytic theory. Many found Freud’s theory to be shocking and controversial. However, his work was a great influence in the development of sociology, psychology, art and literature. The term psychoanalysis is used to refer to many aspects of Freud’s work and research, including Freudian therapy and the research methodology he used to develop his theories. Freud relied heavily on his observations and case studies of his patients when he formed his theory of personality development. Before looking at Freud's theory of personality, let’s first understand his view of how the mind is organized. According to Freud, the mind can be divided into two main parts. Such as, the conscious mind includes everything that people are aware of. This is the aspect of ones mental processing that he or she can think and talk about rationally. A part of this includes memory, which is not always part of
Show MorePersonality provides great insight into people and their lives. Personality traits affect every person in the world. Every human has a personality, which provides a great research topic to help psychologists better understand the human mind, actions, and choices we as humans make. We make such choices as what to wear, to eat, to do on the weekends, what type of music to listen to, and what to watch on television. There are many different personality models such as the Big Five to identify a person’s personality type. The Big Five includes openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism (Pervin, 1999). The model of personality that we used in our research is modified based on the Dominance, Influence, Steadiness,…show more content…
In contrast, an outgoing personality will have such characteristics as: controlling, decisive, direct, impatient, strong-willed, takes action, and creative (“Disc,” 2011). These personality types encompass the basic characteristics of a person. There are several kinds of reaction time tests that can be used to get an accurately measure a person’s reaction time. There is a simple reaction time experiment which consists of only one stimulus and one response (Kosinski, 2010). There is also a recognition reaction time experiment and has more than one stimulus that needs to be responded to and it also contains a detractor set (Kosinski, 2010). Another type of reaction time experiment is the choice test. In this type of test the user must give a response that corresponds to the stimulus (Kosinski, 2010). The reaction time test that we used in our research will be a simple reaction time experiment. A variety of personal characteristics have been shown to be associated with differences in reaction time. For example arousal, age, gender, left or right handedness, practice and errors, fatigue, personality, direct or peripheral vision, fasting, distraction, alcohol, breathing cycle, finger tremors, exercise, drugs, intelligence, learning disorders, brain injuries, and illness (Kosinski, 2010). Age is one of the factors that influence reaction time as Bellis (1933), states that the shortest reaction time for both males and females is between the