Essay Nazi Soviet Pact

Why did Anglo-Soviet Talks Fail?  [SCAB]


a.  Chamberlain did not trust Stalin, who was a Communist and a dictator.  In particular, he would not ever have allowed Russia to control Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.

b.  The Russians thought Britain wanted to trick them into war against Germany.

c.  Poland did not trust that the Russians (who wanted to send troops into Poland), once in, would ever leave.



a.  Britain could not send troops to fight in Poland, so if Stalin supported Britain, he would end up fighting a war in Poland on Britain’s behalf.

On the other hand, Hitler was promising him peace, half of Poland and a 'sphere of influence' over eastern Europe.  



After Munich, Stalin was convinced that Britain would break its promise to Poland.   He was convinced that Britain would leave Russia fighting Hitler alone.


Britain delayed

a.  At first, Lord Halifax refused Stalin’s offer of a meeting.

b.  When the British sent an official, he could not make any decisions. Stalin got fed up with British delay.


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The Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact was extremely significant in regards to the outbreak of war in Europe in 1939, however there were several other factors that also led to the outbreak of WWII. These factors include; the allied policy of appeasement, the failure the League of Nations and Collective Security and the aggressive nature of Nazi and Italian foreign policy.

The signing of the 1939 Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact was extremely significant in regards to the outbreak of war in Europe. Both Germany and Russia possessed considerable motives for signing the pact.
From the time of ‘Mein Kampf’ Hitler had outwardly expressed his desire to move toward Russia in his quest for ‘Lebensraum,’ however in 1939, it was beneficial for him…show more content…

Historian Richard Evans points out that ‘from Stalin’s perspective (the pact) provided a respite.” Stalin also hoped that once Germany had dealt with the Western powers, it would have exhausted itself, giving Russia more time to prepare.
Historian Martin McCauley believes that a combination of Britain, France and Russia could have defeated Germany however Britain grew complacent in its negotiations with the USSR believing that “a German-Soviet agreement could only emanate from a madhouse.”

As well as the signing of the Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact, the Allied policy of appeasement also led to the outbreak of war in Europe in 1939. The Policy of Appeasement is most commonly linked with British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain whose belief it was that “we should seek by all means in our power to avoid war.” Chamberlain’s successor, Winston Churchill pointed out the flaw in this philosophy stating that, “(Chamberlain) wanted to go down in history as the great peacemaker…unhappily, he met hurricanes from which he could not flinch.” This resulted in the Allies ignoring many of Hitler’s decisions such as the German occupation of Czechoslovakia and its Anschluss with Austria in 1938. The allied powers hoped that by disregarding Hitler’s actions, they could avoid another war in Europe. Historian P. Kennedy believes that the western powers irrationally feared the consequences of a war with the

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