Curtin University Assignment Format

To edit the assignment settings for a previously created Turnitin Direct assignment navigate to the location in your Blackboard unit where the link is situated. Click on the 'View Assignment' link.

Optional Settings 1: Controlling the Number of Submissions

Recommended setting: Report generation speed = Generate reports immediately, reports can overwrite reports until due date

Check to ensure that the Students view originality reports setting is set to 'Yes'.

The first option within this section relates to the number of times the student is allowed to submit their assignment and when the Originality Report is generated. In almost all cases it is desirable to have the Originality Report generated immediately.

For the number of times the student is allowed to submit their assignment there are effectively only two options: once only, or an infinite number of times. If you select the option 'Generate reports immediately, first report is final' the student is given only one opportunity to submit their assignment. If you select the option 'Generate reports immediately, reports can overwrite reports until due date' students will be permitted to resubmit their assignment (overwriting their previous submission) as many times as they wish; only the most recent assignment is saved. Note: although the Originality Report is generated immediately for the first submission on subsequent submissions the system introduces a 24 hour delay such that the student is only able to review one new Originality Report per day (note this system setting is a control measure to prevent the behaviour described below).

There are specific advantages and disadvantages to each of these approaches. Allowing students unlimited number of submissions can result in students focusing more attention on the Similarity Index and often creates a practice of ‘word substitution’ to lower the percentage match score. Word substitution is not the same as paraphrasing and should be discouraged. On the other hand, limiting student submissions to a single attempt can result in an increased level of email support if students submit the wrong file, this is more often the case for students who are unfamiliar with online assigment submission (e.g. first year or new to Curtin students).

Particularly for first year units, or units that occur early in the course of study it is beneficial to use Turnitin as a formative tool, giving students feedback about their academic writing skills.

Optional Settings 2: Excluding materials from the Similarity Index

Recommended setting: Exclude bibliography = YES; Exclude quoted materials = YES; Exclude small matches = NO

The Similarity Index is the proportion (percent) of the submitted file that matches other sources within the Turnitin database. The Originality report shows both the Similarity Index and using coloured highlights shows which portions of the file match other sources.

If a student includes a direct quote from a source naturally you would expect this text to match, yet (assuming they have used quotes and cited correctly) this is an accepted writing practice. Turnitin can automatically exclude text that appears between quotes (double " at the beginning and end of the passage) so that these portions of the file are not included in the Similarity Index. You can enable this setting for all submitted student assignments by choosing Yes in the 'Exclude quoted materials from the Similarity Index for all papers in this assignment' setting. This setting cannot be changed once students begin to submit their papers. However, you can toggle this setting on or off when viewing the Originality Report for an individual assignment.

You can also choose to exclude the reference list from the Similarity Index by choosing Yes in the 'Exclude bibliographic materials from the Similarity Index for all papers in this assignment' setting. This setting cannot be changed once students begin to submit their papers. However, you can toggle this setting on or off when viewing the Originality Report for an individual assignment.

Turnitin also provides an option to exclude text strings of a specified size (e.g. 5 words). This can sometimes be useful for excluding specific headings or terms or phrases that will appear frequently for all students. However, the behaviour of this setting is a bit unpredicatable. It is therefore recommended to leave this setting as No, and if desired you can toggle this setting on or off when viewing the Originality Report for an individual assignment.

Optional Settings 3: Allowing students to see the Originality Report

Recommended setting: = YES

In general, students should be allowed access to the Originality Report generated from their assignment submission. However, students need to be given some guidance as to how to interprete the report, particularly the Similarity Index. Both students and staff should be made aware that that the 'traffic light' colour coding system is simply a guide or a rough categorisation of the proportion of the submitted file that directly matches other sources. There is no 'safe' index value, nor is there a threshold for plagiarism (refer students to page 17 of the Academic Integrity at Curtin: Student guidelines for avoiding plagiarism booklet). Students should be told to expect certain kinds of matches, these are often called 'innocent matches' and include things like the headings for the assignment or text that all students will include such as a cover page or appendix item. The interpretation of the Originality Report must be done with full knowledge of the referencing style used in the School/Faculty and the conventions for academic integrity.

Optional Settings 4: Allowing Late Submissions

If you choose "yes" in the allow late submission section students will see the following during the assignment submission process.

The Assessment Policy at Curtin stipulates that all late assignments are subject to a penalty of 10% per calendar day. The information shown above may be misleading to (particularly first year) students.

Consequently if you choose "yes" for this option we recommend that you add the following information to the instructions (Optional Setting 1). Copy the following text (exactly) to produce the instructions with notification of penalty shown below:

</br>During the assignment submission process you are required to enter a SUBMISSION TITLE, your tile must begin with your Student ID followed by the name of the Assignment. Example: 13245365Assignment1
</br></br>Assignments submitted after the Due Date will receive a penalty of 10% per calendar day late.

Alternatively you can choose "no" initially and then on the Due Date you can return to the assignment settings and change it to "yes" to allow for late submissions.

Note: Restrictions apply to submissions after the Due Date/Time, if a student has not submitted a draft prior to the deadline they will not be able to use Turnitin to gain feedback on their paraphrasing as they are permitted only one submission after the deadline.

Optional Settings 5: Turnitin database options

In general papers will be submitted to the 'standard paper repository', this means that the students' work will be submitted to the Turnitin database and also to the Curtin (institution) database. This ensures that the same work cannot be submitted by the same or another student in the future as to do so would result in a high Similarity Index.

In some instances it may be appropriate to select 'no repository', to discuss this further contact the Assessment Centre.

For each assignment you can determine the types of sources that each student paper will be matched against when the Originality Report is generated. Selecting the 'student paper repository' and the 'institution paper repository' will ensure that you detect cases of self plagiarism for students repeating the unit, cases where students are colluding, and cases where students have copied from another student (past or present). Selecting 'current and archived internet' and 'periodicals, jornals, & publications' will ensure you detect cases of copying & pasting from online sources. With all sources selected you will also find that some sources that are not available online may still be matched if another user has copied the original source, these will appear as matches to a student paper from another institution.

In some instances it may be appropriate to limit the sources for matching, for further assistance please complete the Learning Technologies Support web form./p>

Optional Settings 6: GradeMark options

When using a Turnitin Direct assignment it is optional to use GradeMark for the marking process. If you plan to use GradeMark set the first option to Yes.

The reveal grades option works in tandem with the post date and the Blackboard Grade Centre column settings to control student access to their marked work. Set the 'Reveal grades immediately' to No to ensure that students accessing Turnitin will not see their marked work until after the Post Date.

The 'Ignore Turnitin Grades' should be set to No to allow the mark determined by the rubric to be pushed through to the Blackboard Grade Centre.

For further assistance please contact Learning Technologies Support.

Student Guidelines for Avoiding Plagiarism



Student Checklist to Prevent Plagiarism



Referencing Styles

Referencing provides the reader of your work with the information required to be able to check on the sources you have used. The reader may agree with your interpretation of the ideas or may choose to disagree with you, but either way it is necessary that you provide them with the means to make their own judgements. It allows your tutor/lecturer to determine where you have taken your ideas from, how widely you have read about the topic and to decide how well you have understood the resources and been able to incorporate different ideas into your own understanding. If your work contains exceptionally well-written text and innovative ideas but with no citations or references, your tutor may well question its authenticity. Remember, your tutor is familiar with the topic and has read widely so has probably encountered these references before. He/she will usually recognise the words and ideas of other authors in the field.

How do I make in-text citations and referencing?

This will depend on your discipline area and the style of referencing required. The referencing guides prepared by the Library include:

Individual schools and departments may recommend variations on these styles - or referencing styles not listed here. It is very important that you check with your lecturers and tutors to make sure you are using the correct style.


Which reference style should I use?

Information about which referencing style to use should be in your Course Guide or unit outlines. Each referencing style guide has examples of how to insert the citation into the body of the work and how to format the references at the end. Pay particular attention to the position of commas, full stops etc, and any indentations or brackets. Also think carefully about how to insert the citations within the text of your assignment. It is best to work with the referencing guide beside you and ask your tutor/lecturer for help if you are experiencing difficulties. Getting the referencing right can take almost as much time as doing the assignment. You need to be aware of this and plan your time accordingly.

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